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Dry Toilet 2012

Book of Abstracts - 4th International Dry Toilet Conference - DRY TOILET 2012

 

DRY TOILET 2012

ORAL PRESENTATIONS


PLEASE FIND THE BIOGRAPHIES OF
THE AUTHORS AND PRESENTERS ON THE BOOK OF ABSTRACTS.



Thursday 23 August
   OPENING CEREMONY AND KEYNOTE SPEECH
1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS
1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)

2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS
2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS (continues)
3. ECONOMY, PROFITABILITY AND MARKETING

Friday 24 August
4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION
4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)
4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)

5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS
5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS (continues)
6. SUSTAINABILITY AND PROMOTING OF DRY TOILETS

7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS
7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
8. SANITATION IN EXTREME CONDITIONS
9. CLOSING PLENARY, POSTER AWARD AND FEEDBACK PRIZE


Thursday 23 August

Lecture Hall A (LS A 1) 9:00 - 10:00

OPENING CEREMONY AND KEYNOTE SPEECH

Coordinator Dr Pekka E. Pietilä, Finland

9:30 - 10:00 Keynote speaker Mr. Guy Mbayo Kakumbi, Rwanda
A second Look at UNICEF-supported ECOSAN latrines construction: technology and social norms

Lecture Hall A (LS A 1) 10:00 - 11:30

1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS
OF DRY TOILETS

- Keynote speaker Dr Kamal Kar, India
- Session leader Dr Pekka E. Pietilä, Finland

10:00 - 10:30 Kamal Kar (keynote speaker)
Community Led Total Sanitation could pave the way for wide spread adoption of dry toilet in environmentally challenged / water scarce dry areas globally

10:50 - 11:10 Claudia Wendland, Tereza Weissova, Fedde Jorritsma, Susanne Herbst
Experiences with UDDT in schools in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia

11:10 - 11:30 Gerryshom Munala
Socio-cultural Influences and Management that Determine Sanitation Facilities Use in the Informal Settlements

Lecture Hall A (LS A 1) 12:30 - 14:30

1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS
OF DRY TOILETS (continues)

- Session leader Mr. Guy Mbayo Kakumbi, Rwanda

12:30 - 12:50 Gertrude Matsebe, Amira Osman
Ecological sanitation in urban South Africa: socio-cultural, design and operational challenge of urine Diversion Dry (UDD) toilets and the impact on users' perceptions

12:50 - 13:10 Ken Ushijima, Naoyuki Funamizu, Mitsumasa Yokota
Value network design approach for sanitation system in developing countries - Lessons from two Japanese models

13:10 - 13:30 Kenta Yabui, Ken Ushijima, Ryusei Ito, Naoyuki Funamizu
Design of composting toilet for practical application in Burkina Faso

13:30 - 13:50 Michelo Katambo
Culture, Social and Gender Perspectives On Dry Toilets In Zambia's Rural Areas: The Case Study of Zambia Sanitation Project

13:50 - 14:10 Md. Azahar Ali Pramanik
Socio-cultural and Gender Aspects of Ecological Dry toilets - A Success Story of SPACE in Bangladesh

14:10 - 14:30 Namaganda Rehema Bavuma (presenter Immaculate Nansubuga)
Women as drivers of ecological sanitation

Lecture Hall A (LS A 1) 15:30 - 17:30

1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS
OF DRY TOILETS (continues)

- Session leader Ms. Sari Huuhtanen, Finland

15:30 - 15:50 Ryusei Ito, Ken Ushijima, Nowaki Hijikata, Naoyuki Funamizu
Survey of sanitation conditions in Burkina Faso for design of toilet

15:50 - 16:10 Sabir Farhat
Role of Gender in Water & Sanitation in rural Pakistan

16:10 - 16:30 Surayo Saidova, Claudia Wendland
Equitable Access to Education and Development for Girls and Women - Improving women´s and girls´ hygienic situation in rural Tajikistan through implementing UDDT in schools and women development centers (WDC)

16:30 - 16:50 Yaba Laxmi Shrestha, Manima Budhathoki, Guna Raj Shrestha
Role of ethnic women in promoting ecological sanitation in a rural village of Nepal

16:50 - 17:10 Yuliya Fruman, Anna Samwel, Claudia Wendland, Stefan Deegener (Presenter Stefan Deegener)
Acceptance of UDDTs in Eastern Europe, Caucasus, and Central Asia



Thursday 23 August
   OPENING CEREMONY AND KEYNOTE SPEECH
1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS
1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)

  • 2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS
    2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS (continues)
    3. ECONOMY, PROFITABILITY AND MARKETING

    Friday 24 August
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)

    5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS
    5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS (continues)
    6. SUSTAINABILITY AND PROMOTING OF DRY TOILETS

    7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS
    7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
    8. SANITATION IN EXTREME CONDITIONS
    9. CLOSING PLENARY, POSTER AWARD AND FEEDBACK PRIZE


    Lecture Hall B (LS D 10 b) 10:00 - 11:30

    2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS

    - Keynote speaker (and Session leader) Ms. Sari Huuhtanen, Finland
    - Session leader Dr Eeva-Liisa Viskari, Finland

    10:00 - 10:30 Sari Huuhtanen (keynote speaker)
    Drivers and challenges; experiences of Dry toilet projects from rural and urban settings in Zambia --- Construction of Dry Toilet

    10:30 - 10:50 Abdullah Al Mamun
    Dry toilet: unlocking potentials in sanitation in difficult areas of Bangladesh

    10:50 - 11:10 Ai Hosokawa, Naoyuki Funamizu, Ryusei Ito, Ken Ushijima, Nowaki Hijikata
    , Mariam Sou, Amadou Hama Maïga (presenter Mariam Sou
    )
    Improving Sustainable Water and Sanitation systems in Sahel Region in Africa: Case of Burkina Faso

    11:10 - 11:30 Eeva-Liisa Viskari, Seija Haapamäki, Renja Yrjönen, Hilda Szabo
    New learning environment for sanitation and wastewater use at Tampere University of Applied Sciences

    Lecture Hall B (LS D 10 b) 12:30 - 14:30

    2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS (continues)

    - Session leader Mr. Vishwanath Srikantaiah, India

    12:30 - 12:50 Neda Abbas Nejad Lami, Ali Akbar Talebi, Minoo Hejrat
    A technique for using the least amount of water for Taharat (washing after excretion) in dry toilets - The project of ecovillage21 - Lisar - Caspian Sea --- Association of Persian Agenda 21: Pictures of Iran's nature and Environmental pollution in Iran

    13:10 - 13:30 Lukas Ulrich, Stefan Deegener
    How (not) to design and construct UDDTs - a comprehensive guide to functionality

    13:30 - 13:50 Pierre Colombot (author), (presenter Frederic Neau)
    History of Dry Toilets in France

    13:50 - 14:10 Rahul Ingle, Sonja Berdau, Peter Arndt, Fritz Kleemann
    What does it take to convince decision makers in Omaruru, Namibia to scale up urine diversion dehydration "Otji toilets"?

    14:10 - 14.30 Vladimir Moksunov
    Zero-Waste Principle as a National Idea and Dry Toilets

    Lecture Hall B (LS D 10 b) 15:30 - 17:30

    3. ECONOMY, PROFITABILITY AND MARKETING

    - Session leader Prof Naoyuki Funamizu, Japan

    15:30 - 15:50 Emmanuel Mutamba
    Dry Toilets - Drivers for Community Participation: Experiences drawn from Swaziland and Zambia

    15:50 - 16:10 Hector Kpangon, S.H., Biaou, G.
    Socio-economic factors affecting the adoption of Ecological Sanitation approach in Benin

    16:10 - 16:30 Ola Stedje Hanserud, Adam O'Toole
    Temporary dry toilets at music festivals in Norway - a way to create business and awareness

    16:30 - 16:50 Jan Pettersson, Johan Wikström (presenter J. Wikström)
    Good shit? Household effects of ecological sanitation in Mali

    16:50 - 17:10 Jonna Heikkilä, Jenni Koivisto, Anniina Kirstinä
    Changing Attitudes towards Dry Sanitation in Msunduza, Swaziland

    17:10 - 17:30 Yuliya Berezhna
    The problem and perspectives of the ecosanitation technologies in Ukraine: practical aspects

    EXTRA Andrew Foote
    What are the drivers of dry toilets? - An entrepreneur's perspective (extra presentation)



    Thursday 23 August
       OPENING CEREMONY AND KEYNOTE SPEECH
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)

    2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS
    2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS (continues)
    3. ECONOMY, PROFITABILITY AND MARKETING

  • Friday 24 August
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)

    5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS
    5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS (continues)
    6. SUSTAINABILITY AND PROMOTING OF DRY TOILETS

    7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS
    7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
    8. SANITATION IN EXTREME CONDITIONS
    9. CLOSING PLENARY, POSTER AWARD AND FEEDBACK PRIZE


    Friday 24 August

    Lecture Hall B (LS D 10 b) 8:30 - 10:30

    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION

    - Keynote speaker Prof Chilkunda Srinivasamurthy, India
    - Session leader Dr Harri Mattila, Finland

    8:30 - 9:00 Chilkunda Srinivasamurthy (keynote speaker)
    Human urine an alternative to chemical fertilizers in crop production

    9:00 - 9:20 Asrat Mindachew Yemaneh, M. Bulbo, H. Factura, C. Buzie, R. Otterpohl
    Development of System for Waterless Collection of Human Excreta by Application of Lactic Acid Fermentation Process in Terra Preta Sanitation System

    9:20 - 9:40 Chhabi Lal Goudel
    Investing in People - "Promoting ECOLOGICAL Sanitation and ORGANIC FERTILIZERS" For Productive Sanitation (food security) and Energy Saving in Vulnerable Communities of Nepal

    9:40 - 10:00 Krisanavej Songthanasak, C. Klongtroujrok, Y. Swattdipat, S. Sumphunprateep, T. Lawchod
    Preliminary Study on Urine-Compost Extract as Bio-Liquid Fertiliser for Hydroponics

    10:00 - 10:20 Mariana Cardoso Chrispim, (Ms.), Marcelo Antunes Nolasco
    Human urine as fertilizer: Feasibility study of use in corn and lettuce cultivation in a university campus in Brazil

    Lecture Hall D (LS D 11) 11 - 12:30

    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)

    - Session leader Ms. Sanna-Leena Rautanen, Finland

    11:00 - 11:20 Moustapha Sene, Nowaki Hijikata, Ken Ushijima, Naoyuki Funamizu
    Effect of human urine application volume in Komatsuna growth

    11:20 - 11:50 Nadejda Andreev (Ms.), María García Álvarez, Claudia Wendland, Friedemann Klimek, Mariska Ronteltap, Piet Lens
    A concept for a sustainable sanitation chain based on the semi centralised production of Terra Preta for Moldova

    11:50 - 12:10 Natsuru Yamauchi, Nowaki Hijikata, Ken Ushijima, Naoyuki Funamizu
    Effect on compost maturity by type of matrix and lime treatment after removal from composting toilet

    12:10 - 12:30 Nowaki Hijikata, Ken Ushijima, Ryusei Ito, Boukary Sawadogo, Naoyuki Funamizu
    Design of vegetable garden for income estimation toward to agrosanitation business model, a case study in Burkina Faso

    Lecture Hall B (LS D 10 b) 13:30 - 15:30

    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)

    - Session leader Prof Naoyuki Funamizu, Japan

    13:30 - 13:50 Ralf Otterpohl, Asrat Mindachew, Joachim Behrendt (presenter Joachim Behrendt)
    Integration of Sanitation, Bio-Waste Management, local Energy production and Agriculture

    13:50 - 14:10 Sanna Pynnönen, Tuula Tuhkanen
    Environmental Impact of Micropollutants Present in Urine

    14.10 - 14.30 Author Erpo Heikkilä, presenter Ritva Laurila
    Sustainable Society Haiti - Haiti on Google Maps
    Limonade - the practical solution - Limonade on Google Maps

    14:30 - 14:50 Taina Laiho, K. Lehto and Olav Eklund
    Mineral ammonium ion absorber as a fertilizer

    14:50 - 15:10 Vishwanath Srikantaiah, Shubha Ramachandran, Karan Singh
    SANITATION WITHOUT PIPES The Honeysucker approach - a case study from Bangalore



    Thursday 23 August
       OPENING CEREMONY AND KEYNOTE SPEECH
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)

    2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS
    2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS (continues)
    3. ECONOMY, PROFITABILITY AND MARKETING

    Friday 24 August
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)

  • 5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS
    5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS (continues)
    6. SUSTAINABILITY AND PROMOTING OF DRY TOILETS

    7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS
    7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
    8. SANITATION IN EXTREME CONDITIONS
    9. CLOSING PLENARY, POSTER AWARD AND FEEDBACK PRIZE


    Lecture Hall C (LS A 3) 8:30 - 10:30

    5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS

    - Session leader Dr Helvi Heinonen-Tanski, Finland

    8:30 - 8:50 Helvi Heinonen-Tanski, Anna-Maria Veijalainen, Ville Matikka
    Hygiene of greywaters

    8:50 - 9:10 Bipin Poudel, Kamal Adhikari
    Health Aspects of EcoSan toilets in Nepal: Study of Impacts and Risk on Public Health

    9:10 - 9:30 Hideaki Miyai, Nowaki Hijikata, Takashi Kakimoto, Naoyuki Funamizu
    Investigation into determination method of anti-malarial drugs in agricultural soil assumed as human urine reuse

    9:30 - 9:50 Hidenori Harada, Yuichi Kimoto, Shigeo Fujii
    Experimental Analysis of Microbial Inactivation through Feces Treatment using Ash

    9:50 - 10:10 Miguel Angel López Zavala, Daniela Muñoz, Edmundo Ramos, Carolina Lara
    Biodegredation of infectious biological hazardous wastes from hospitals by using a thermal composting process

    10:10 - 10:30 Gina S Itchon, Ana Liza U Miso, Robert Gensch
    The Effectivity of the Terra Preta Sanitation (TPS) Process in the Elimination of Parasite Eggs in Fecal Matter: A Field Trial of Terra Preta Sanitation in Mindanao, Philippines

    Lecture Hall C (LS A 3) 11:00 - 12:30

    5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS (continues)

    - Session leader Dr Gina S. Itchon, Philippines

    11:00 - 11:20 Pedro O. Orumwense, Eila Torvinen Helvi Heinonen-Tanski
    The Survival of Mycobacteria in Pure Human Urine

    11:20 - 11:40 Rui Tezuka, Nowaki Hijikata, Shinobu Kazama, Seyram K. Sossou, Naoyuki Funamizu
    Inactivation mechanism of pathogenic bacteria using lime and ash in composting toilet

    11:40 - 12:00 Seyram K. Sossou, Rui Tezuka, Nowaki Hijikata, Mariam Sou, Naoyuki Funamizu
    Inactivation mechanisms of pathogenic bacteria in several matrixes during composting process in composting toilet

    12:00 - 12:20 Tatjana Regerand, Yu Protasov, A. Kiuru, S. Pakula, R. Kiukas
    Experience of Biotoilet Installations in the Frame of the International Finnish Russian Project

    Lecture Hall D (LS D 11) 8:30 - 10:30

    6. SUSTAINABILITY AND PROMOTING OF DRY TOILETS

    - Session leader Dr Claudia Wendland, Germany

    8:30 - 8:50 Mia O'Neill
    Bringing the ecological back to sanitation - the need for changes in attitudes, practices and policies

    8:50 - 9:10 Amani George Rweyendela, Antero Luonsi, Eeva-Liisa Viskari (presenter Eeva-Liisa Viskari)
    Dry toilets can offer a sustainable wastewater treatment system in rural areas

    9:10 - 9:30 Anarkul (Anara) Choitonbaeva, Claudia Wendland, Fedde Jorritsma
    How to make sustainable sanitation really sustainable - Up-scaling of ecosan (UDDT) in Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia - (In Powerpoint .ppt, could not be converted into .pdf)

    9:30 - 9:50 Nelson Ekane
    Contradictions Between Sanitation Policy and Practice: A Case Study in the Burera District in Rwanda

    9:50 - 10:10 Rauf Sabitov (Kabievich)
    The experience in the implementation of ecological sanitation in Kazakhstan



    Thursday 23 August
       OPENING CEREMONY AND KEYNOTE SPEECH
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)

    2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS
    2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS (continues)
    3. ECONOMY, PROFITABILITY AND MARKETING

    Friday 24 August
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)

    5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS
    5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS (continues)
    6. SUSTAINABILITY AND PROMOTING OF DRY TOILETS

  • 7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS
    7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
    8. SANITATION IN EXTREME CONDITIONS
    9. CLOSING PLENARY, POSTER AWARD AND FEEDBACK PRIZE


    Lecture Hall B (LS D 10 b) 11:00 - 12:30

    7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS

    - Keynote speaker and Session leader Prof Tuula Tuhkanen, Finland

    11:00 - 11:30 Tuula Tuhkanen (keynote speaker)
    Odor prevention and control in sanitation

    11:30 - 11:50 Pui Ki Tsang, Hilda Marta Szabo, Eeva-Liisa Viskari (presenter Hilda Szabo)
    Gas release and ventilation in a dry toilet - comparison between different models and user rates - (No permission for publishing)

    11:50 - 12:10 Marja Palmroth, Adela Ramos Garcia, Vesa Kolha, Tuula Tuhkanen, Nora Fernandez, Dulce Muñoz, Ikechuku Nwagwe, Javier Porto, Loïc Perrier, Florie Crosnier, Christian Richter
    Removal of odours associated with dry sanitation by biofiltration

    12:10 - 12:30 Kirsikka Pynnönen, Tuula Tuhkanen, Wyckliffe Osumba, Moses Wakala, Christian Rieck
    Two Years after Donor Funding Ended - Motivating Factors for Schools to Keep their Urine-Diverting Dry Toilets (UDDTs) Clean and Well Maintained

    Lecture Hall D (LS D 11) 13:30 - 15:30

    7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS (continues)

    - Session leader Dr Antero Luonsi, Finland

    13:30 - 13:50 Awadhesh N. Singh
    IEC and technology option key to sustainable rural sanitation promotion

    13:50 - 14:10 Rostom Gamizonia, Anna Samwel, Claudia Wendland
    Providing all-round-service for sustainable sanitation in rural and peri-urban areas of Georgia- including marketing, agriculture and energy

    14:10 - 14:30 James Messo Raude, C. W. Maina, B. M. Mutua
    Performance evaluation of the ecological sanitation systems in Nakuru

    14:30 - 14:50 Kinfe Kassa Ayano, Beshah Mogesse Behailu
    Experiences of Urine diverting dry toilets (UDDT) in Arba Minch, Ethiopia

    14:50 - 15:10 Rajesh Upadhaya (Adhikari), Mahidul IslamBrack Bangaldesh, Bhushan Tuladhar, Suman kumarShakya, Kasikant Thakur
    Operation and maintenance challenges to promote dry toilet in Nepal: A case of ENPHO EcoSan programme

    Lecture Hall A (LS A 1) 13:30 - 15:30

    8. SANITATION IN EXTREME CONDITIONS

    - Session leader Ms.Sanna-Leena Rautanen, Finland

    13:30 - 13:50 Andrew Larsen, Andreas Koestler
    Urban Sanitation Solutions for High-Use, Flooded and Difficult to Serve Areas

    13:50 - 14:10 Guneshwar Prasad Mahato, Rahul Ingle
    Climate change adaptation at local level by implementing urine diverting dry toilets: experiences from western Nepal

    14:10 - 14:30 Joseph Jenkins
    Compost-based Sanitation in PostEarthquake Haiti in Urban and Rural Locations

    14:30 - 14:50 Julie Patinet
    Dry Toilet in urban crisis : Case study: Kabul

    14:50 - 15:10 Nam Raj Khatri
    Sustainability and Climate Change aspects of Ecosan Toilet: Nepal prospective

    15:10 - 15:30 Camilla Wirseen, A. Wilhelmson
    A toilet for the Most Vulnerable: The Peepoo

    Lecture Hall A (LS A 1) 16:30 - 17:30

    9. CLOSING PLENARY, POSTER AWARD AND FEEDBACK PRIZE

    - Session leaders Dr Pekka E. Pietilä and Ms. Mia O'Neill, Finland

    The Final Plenary of Dry Toilet 2012



    Thursday 23 August
       OPENING CEREMONY AND KEYNOTE SPEECH
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
    1. CULTURAL, GENDER AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF DRY TOILETS (continues)

    2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS
    2. TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS AND URBAN APPLICATIONS (continues)
    3. ECONOMY, PROFITABILITY AND MARKETING

    Friday 24 August
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)
    4. PRODUCTIVE SANITATION (continues)

    5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS
    5. HYGIENE AND HEALTH ASPECTS (continues)
    6. SUSTAINABILITY AND PROMOTING OF DRY TOILETS

    7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS
    7. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF DRY TOILETS (continues)
    8. SANITATION IN EXTREME CONDITIONS
    9. CLOSING PLENARY, POSTER AWARD AND FEEDBACK PRIZE


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